N. A. Mohamad
Abstract: This paper shall examine the role of gender and type of vehicle most frequently used by road users (car and motorcycle) in relation to their awareness and attitude towards traffic enforcement. These two factors, namely role of gender and vehicle type, have not been fully understood especially in the context of enforcement efforts. The study includes analysis of survey data from a perception study on OPS Raya Aidilfitri 2016 traffic enforcement during festive season. Nonparametric testing and mean analysis were performed to determine any association between gender and vehicle with visibility (awareness) and attitude toward enforcement activities. The findings suggest that road users specifically car drivers and motorcyclists moderately agree with the effectiveness of such enforcement efforts. Male respondents and car drivers were considerably more aware of enforcement activities compared to female respondents and motorcyclists. In addition, females were found to be more favourable in their attitude towards enforcement compared to males. Gender and vehicle use significantly influenced road users’ awareness and attitude to enforcement. Thus, the authority and agencies involved in traffic enforcement should consider strategies to incorporate these variables in order to increase effectiveness of enforcement efforts. For instance, enforcers may consider placing enforcement signage and conduct roadside checks in more strategic locations to increase visibility to road users.
Keywords:Traffic enforcement, festive season, road safety, awareness, attitude
Ibrahim, M.K.A., Md Nor, S.M., Mohamad, N.A., & Mohd Yusoff, M.F. (2012). A case study on risk- taking behaviors among motorcyclist in Klang Valley, Malaysia (MRR 07/2012). Kuala Lumpur: Malaysian Institute of Road Safety Research.
Isah, N., Salleh, S., Musa, M., M., Kee, L.S., & Jailani, A.S. (2012). A perception study on the efficacy of traffic enforcement from the road users’ perspective (MRR 04/2012). Kuala Lumpur: Malaysian Institute of Road Safety Research.
Liew, S., Hamidun, R., & Mohd Soid, N.F. (2017). Differences of driving experience and gender on traffic offences among Malaysian motorists. MATEC Web of Conferences, 103, 1-6, 08016. doi: 10.1051/matecconf/201710308016
Malaysian Digest (2017). There are loopholes for traffic offenders to bend the rules despite implementation of new AWAS system. Retrieved from http://www.malaysiandigest.com/frontpage/282-main-tile/670401-there-are-loopholes-for- traffic-offenders-to-bend-the-rules-despite-implementation-of-new-awas-system.html
Mohd Soid, N.F., & Isah, N. (2014). Perceived risk of being caught among road users for traffic infringement in Malaysia. Proceeding of the 2nd International Conference on Social Sciences Research (ICSSR), 344-353.
Muttart, J., Fisher, D., Kauderer, C., Bartlett, W., Peck, L., Guderian, S., Ton, L., & Muttart, M. (2011). Influence of riding experience on glance behavior, brake response time and deceleration rates by drivers and motorcyclists. Proceedings of the 6th International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training and Vehicle Design, 461-468.
RMP (2016). Statistical report of road accident Malaysia 2016. Kuala Lumpur: Royal Malaysian Police, Traffic Branch, Bukit Aman.
Soole, W.D. (2012). The relationship between driver’s perception towards police speed enforcement and self-reported driving behaviour (Master’s thesis). Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia.
The Star Online (2017). Agencies to beef up traffic enforcement. Retrieved from https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2017/01/02/liow-agencies-to-beef-up-traffic- enforcement/
Turner, S., Bosher, S., Logan, D., Khoo, J., & Trumper, H. (2014). Safer speeds: Public acceptance and compliance (Research report 563). Wellington: NZ Transport Agency.
VicRoads (2009). Investigation of driver and motorcycle rider attitudes toward each other (Final report). Victoria, Australia: VicRoads (Roads Corporation of Victoria).