M. S. Osmin, J. M. Diah and S. M. Sharif
Abstract: Road accidents involving heavy commercial passenger vehicle (HCPV) in Malaysia have always been in the spotlight and various efforts have been taken with much attention given on operational issues. At present, the weight and dimensions of HCPV in Malaysia generally regulated under prescriptive standards regulations which do not provide clear safety outcomes and often limits the flexibility about how to achieve it. This paper provides an overview of opportunities and challenges of implementing Performance Based Standards (PBS) regulation for HCPV vehicle in Malaysia based on the Australian PBS regulation implementation for heavy vehicle. It was found that Tail Swing, Braking Efficiency and Maximum Stable Inclination Angle under the existing regulation have or partly met the PBS approach. The opportunities for implementing PBS regulation were explained in terms of the possibility adopting PBS approaches in the existing regulation and second, the institutional readiness to develop and implement it. However, challenges were expected, for example increase in cost of vehicle’s assessment. Implementing PBS regulation for HCPV in Malaysia will provide various benefits such as increase productivity, efficiency and most importantly safety.
Keywords:High capacity passenger vehicle, prescriptive standard regulations, performance based standards regulation, opportunities, challenges
Calvert, F. (2004). Improving regulation of heavy vehicles: Performance-based standards. Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Heavy Vehicle Weights and Dimensions, 61.
Coglianese, C., Nash, J., & Olmstead, T. (2002). Performance-based regulation. Retrieved from http://www.ksg.harvard.edu/m-rcbg/Events/Papers/RPPREPORT3.pdf
Cristoforo, D., Sweatman, P.F., Di Cristoforo, R., & Kalasih, D. (2004). Benchmarking heavy vehicle productivity and safety performance. Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Heavy Vehicle Weights and Dimensions.
Edgar, J.P., Prem, H., & Calvert, F. (2002). Applying performance standards to the Australian heavy vehicle fleet. Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Heavy Vehicle Weights and Dimensions, 73-96.
Karlsson, R., Kharrazi, S., Sandin, J., & Aurell, J. (2015). Performance based standards for high capacity transports in Sweden FIFFI project 2013-03881 – Report 1, Review of existing regulations and literature. Retrieved from http://publications.lib.chalmers.se/records/fulltext/219097/local_219097.pdf
Knight, I., Newton, W., McKinnon, A., Palmer, A., Barlow, T., McCrae, I., Dodd, M., Couper, G., Davies, H., Daly, A., McMahon, W., Cook, E., Ramdas, V., & Taylor, N. (2008). Longer and/or longer and heavier goods vehicles (LHVs) – A study of the effects if permitted in the UK: Final report. Retrieved from http://www.nomegatrucks.eu/deu/service/download/trl-study.pdf
Leary, M., & Burvill, C. (2005). Performance based standards assessment of a rigid urban transport vehicle. In W.L.A. Samuel (Ed.), Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED’05) (pp. 1–9). Barton, Australia: Engineers Australia.
National Transport Commission (2008). Performance-based standards scheme – The standards and vehicle assessment rules. Australia: National Transport Commission.
Nordengen, P.A. (2014). The development and evaluation of a performance-based standards approach for regulating the use of heavy vehicles in South Africa (PhD thesis). College of Agriculture, Engineering and Science, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Osman, M.R., Sarani, R., Zulkipli, Z.H., Paiman, N.F., & Wong S.V. (2009). The effect of driver management system according to SHE COP in reducing speed violations (MRR 11/2009). Kuala Lumpur: Malaysian Institute of Road Safety Research.
Public Works Department (1996). A guide on geometric design of roads (Arahan Teknik (Jalan) 8/86).
RTD (2014). Road transport rules: Compilation of 50 rules (updated until 20th February 2014). Petaling Jaya: International Law Book Services.
Sleath, L., Kalasih, D., & Hutchinson, D.N. (2006). Longer buses in New Zealand – Unlocking innovation. Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Heavy Vehicle Weights and Dimensions.
United Nations (2008). Uniform provisions concerning the approval of large passenger vehicles with regards to their general construction (R36). Geneva: United Nations. Retrieved from https://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/trans/main/wp29/wp29regs/r036r3e.pdf
Woodrooffe, J. (2012). Performance-based standards and indicators for sustainable commercial vehicle transport. Scientific Advisory Group Report. Michigan: Michigan Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI).