Assessing Elements of Walkability in Women’s Mobility

Y. A. S. Harumain, N. F. Azmi and S. M. Yusoff

Abstract: Inclusivity and equality in the context of women’s mobility has recently gained attention. This is due to the increased demands of women travelling with either private vehicles or public transportation. Inclusivity and equality planning is more than just providing women’s coaches, special pregnant women seats, and women-only lines in public transportation. Walkability, as one of the most important keywords for mobility, must be enhanced by excellent walking conditions and facilities that are inclusive and equal. In this context, walking for women often relates to the issue of safety and security in addition to accessibility and connectivity. This paper describes different groups of women with divergent perceptions of safety reasons and security. Through the questionnaire survey we have establish a significant relationship between distance and the nature of activity regarding reasons for women walking to the LRT stations.

Keywords:Walkability, inclusive, equality, women’s mobility

References

Daamen, W., & Hoogendoorn, S. (2003). Experimental research of pedestrian walking behavior. Transportation Research Record, 1828(1), 20-30.

Davis, A. (8 March 2016). ‘Green lady’ to light up pedestrian crossing for the first time in Melbourne. Retrieved from http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3481065/Green-lady-light-pedestrian- crossing-time-Melbourne-commemorate-woman-elected-local-government.html

Frank, L., Sallis, J., Conway, T., Chapman, J.E., & Saelens, B. (2006). Many pathways from landuse to health. Journal of the American Planning Association, 72, 75-85.

Landis, B.W., Vattikuti, V.R., Ottenburg, R.M., McLeod, D.S., and Guttenplan, M., (2001). Modeling the roadside environment: A pedestrian level of service. Transportation Research Record, 1773, 82-88.

Malaysian Urban-Rural National Indicator Network on Sustainable Development (2017). KT3-P5 – Happiness index. Retrieved from http://murninet.townplan.gov.my/murninets/page/kt3-p6- indeks-kebahagian

Pallant, J. (2010). SPSS survival manual (4th ed). NSW, Australia: Allen & Unwin Book Publishers.

PEMANDU (2016). GTP 2.0 Improving urban public transport. Retrieved from: http://gtp.pemandu.gov.my/gtp/Improving_Urban_Public_Transport-@-GTP_2@0_Improving_Urban_Public_Transport.aspx

Perrotta, K., Campbell, M., Chirrey, S., Frank, L., & Chapman, J. (2012). The walkable city: Neighbourhood design and preferences, travel choices and health. Ontario, Canada: Toronto Public Health.

Romero, E.J.S. (2015). Traffic and inclusive mobility. Retrieved from http://www.rappler.com/thought- leaders/109135-traffic-inclusive-mobility

Singh, R. (2016). Factor affecting walkability of neighborhoods. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 216, 643-654.